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Archival description
Only top-level descriptions World War, 1939-1945 - Conscientious objectors
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Allan J. Teichroew Papers

  • US BCMLA 00/MS.155
  • Collection
  • 1917-1950

Most of the papers are photocopies from the National Archives and Library of Congress related to Teichroew’s thesis or dissertation (never completed) about Mennonites in World War I. There is some later material also, World War 2 related.

Teichroew, Allan J.

Allen B. Christophel Court Martial Proceedings and Biographical Information

  • US MCUSAA HM1/319SC
  • Collection
  • 1918-1992

Transcript of Christophel's court martial proceedings for his refusal to rake and sow grass seed at Camp Zachary Tayler, Ky.  Christophel, a Mennonite conscientious objector, refused to do this work because it "was of a military nature."  He was sentenced to ten years hard labor at Fort Leavenworth.

Also included in this small set of papers are a biographical sketch written by Russell Kraybill (1984) and a collection of memories of Christophel provided by his family, friends, and students.

Christophel, Allen B., 1892-1932

Alma and Lewis Reesor photographs

  • CA MAO Hist.Mss.1.324/9
  • File
  • [1941 or 1942]

This file consists of photographs from Lewis Reesor's time at the Montreal River Alternative Service Work Camp in northern Ontario. Reesor was in Group 4, which served from 25 Nov 1941-24 Mar 1942. This group overlapped with Group 5, which served from 9 Dec 1941-11 Jul 1942.

Reesor, Lewis, 1919-1999

Alternative Service cabin at Montreal River camp

  • CA MAO 2011-1 4
  • Item
  • 1987

Photo is of a log cabin on the grounds of the Twilight Resort in Montreal River Harbour, Ontario. The cabin housed Mennonite Alternative Service men during World War II. Carved into one of the logs are the names of Alternative Service workers Wilmer Wagler (Shakespeare, Ontario), Emerson Wagler (Shakespeare, Ontario), Moses G. Martin and Joe Martin (Wallenstein, Ontario). The man identified as Moses G. Martin could possibly be Morris Martin or Mahlon Martin; no Moses G. Martin is found in the Alternative Service lists.

Ruth Fletcher

Alternative service work camp at Lake Cowichan

  • CA MAO 1987-6 18
  • Item
  • [between 1942 and 1944]

Alternative service work camp at Lake Cowichan, British Columbia in 1943. This is a picture of some camp buildings.

Fretz, John L.

Ammon Sala Diary

  • US MCUSAA HM1/202SC
  • Collection
  • 1916-1919

A transcribed, typewritten copy of a diary kept by Ammon Sala, a Mennonite conscientious objector who was conscripted for military service in World War I. Sala left for Camp Lee on October 4, 1917 and was not released until December 1918. Sala's diary entries are very brief, describing one or two daily activities.

The diary was transcribed by Mark Moyer. The original diary remains in the possession of Helen Lenda.

Sala, Ammon

Benjamin Stauffer Ebersole Papers 1917-1918

  • US MCUSAA HM1/364
  • Collection
  • 1917-1967

Photocopies of diaries documenting Ebersole's experiences as a conscientious objector during World War I.  Also includes scattered correspondence and a list of conscientious objectors at Camp Meade (Maryland).

Ebersole, Benjamin Stauffer, 1894-

Case Files of Conscientious Objectors Court-Martialed during World War I

  • US MCUSAA HM8/037
  • Collection
  • 1917-1919

98 case files on microfilm containing the transcripts of courts-martial of 131 conscientious objectors during World War I. The records originate from the National Archives' Record Group 153 (United States. Army, Office of the Judge Advocate General).  The name index to the microfilm in this finding aid is arranged alphabetically, as are the case files on microfilm.  Researchers should note that these case files contain two courts-martial in which multiple conscientious objectors were tried together.

United States. Army. Office of the Judge Advocate General

Cave at camp

  • CA MAO 2015-1-77
  • Item
  • [1942 or 1943]

Caption on back: "cave made at camp."

Sauder, Stanley

Christian L. and Mina Roth Graber Papers 1840-1973

  • US GCA HM1/209
  • Collection
  • 1813-1973

Personal papers of Christian L. Graber and Mina Roth Graber, consisting of correspondence, diaries, sermons, scrapbooks, geneological records, and information about Christian L. Graber's time as a conscientious objector during World War I, his stint as a relief worker, and his service to Mennonite Central Committee.

The papers are divided into the following series:

(1) Correspondence

(2) Sermons and Writings

(3) Personal and Family Records

(4) War, Peace, and Relief Work

(5) Business, Legal, and Estate Files

(6) Subject Files and Miscellaneous

(7) Mina Roth Graber Diaries

(8) Photographs, Scrapbooks, and Miscellaneous

Graber, Christian L., 1895-1987

Clayton Burkholder photograph album

  • CA MAO Hist.Mss.22.1.9
  • File
  • 1941-1944

The album consists of photographs taken or collected by Burkholder during his time in Alternative Service.

Burkholder, Clayton

Conscientious objectors tearing up wooden ties

  • CA MAO 1987-6 19
  • Item
  • [between 1942 and 1944]

Conscientious objectors tearing up wooden ties from an old railroad bed to make way for a gravel road in British Columbia, ca. 1943.

Fretz, John L.

Cooks at Alternative Service work camp at Lake

  • CA MAO 1987-6 17
  • Item
  • [between 1942 and 1944]

Cooks at Alternative Service work camp at Lake Cowichan, British Columbia ca. 1943 L-R: --, --, Seranus Wideman, Elias Brubacher, --, --, Nyal Shantz

Fretz, John L.

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